Environment, Social and Governance Principles
The long-term success of enCore Energy (“enCore”) requires the integration of sustainability into all aspects of our business. Leading environmental, social and governance performance is strongly correlated to strong financial performance and creation of long-term value for our shareholders and other stakeholders. This includes striving to meet the highest standards, contributing toward sustainable development and serving as responsible natural resource stewards to ensure we make positive and lasting impacts on the communities and nations where we operate. enCore. is responsible to its shareholders, governments, and community stakeholders as we advance projects forward.
enCore considers appropriate best practices and innovative methods to meet and exceed these responsibilities, within our financial means, to best serve our shareholders’ interests and align our Company with the communities where we live and work.
enCore is development company that is committed to be a uranium production company. Uranium is the only fuel that is used for the clean air generation of electricity using nuclear power. Currently, in the U.S., nuclear power generates almost 20% of all the country’s electricity. At the same time, it represents 55% of the clean energy generated in the U.S. The advantage of nuclear power is that it can generate this electricity with a relatively small footprint. As a comparison, a 40-acre nuclear generating station will produce 1,000 MWe at nearly 100% capacity, and on a capacity basis, an equivalent wind generation facility would require almost 400,000 acres of land. Uranium, as a source of energy, provides similar benefits. According to the Department of Energy, one pellet (the size of a pencil eraser) of 4.95% U235 nuclear fuel has the same energy content as 17,000 cu ft of natural gas, 3 barrels of oil, and one ton of coal.
enCore is committed to producing uranium in a manner that limits environmental impacts and serves to return the environment to conditions that existed prior to commencement of production. As a result, we are focused on in-situ recovery (‘ISR’) technology as a means to extract uranium. ISR is a lower cost method of uranium extraction with minimal disturbance to existing natural conditions, leaving the host rocks ‘in place’. This process has demonstrated superior environmental performance, especially in contrast to underground and open pit mining, and milling. The ISR process eliminates the need to blast, excavate and haul ore using large excavation equipment that can have long truck haul distances that require the consumption of significant quantities of fossil fuels, and often require the surface discharge of large quantities of water and dust emissions as well as large waste rock dumps. Existing uranium mills require large areas for the disposal of tailings, and significant emissions are derived from the processing circuits that are released to the environment. In contrast, the production facilities operated by enCore incorporate leading technologies for reducing and eliminating releases to the environment. As a result, the differences are significant and meaningful for everything from permitting to operations to reclamation. Using ISR technology to produce uranium, enCore is able to leverage the demonstrated environmental protections inherent in the process to produce a yellowcake uranium product that is used to fuel America’s nuclear fleet for the generation of 55% of clean energy.
The ISR technology uses injection and recovery wells constructed into a uranium ore body where a chemically benign solution of natural groundwater mixed with oxygen and sodium bicarbonate, similar in chemical strength as club soda. Using pipelines, the resulting uranium bearing solution is returned to an ion exchange facility, where the uranium is removed from the circulating groundwater, and the groundwater is reused for continued uranium recovery. The uranium is removed from the resin using a regeneration process that is commonly used in the water treatment industry. Then using limited quantities chemicals, the uranium is precipitated, dried and packaged. This process is conducted wet, and there are no measurable air emissions from the process. Once the uranium is depleted in the ore body, the groundwater is restored to water quality that matches the quality of use prior to mining. Then the injection and recover wells are plugged, the infrastructure is removed, and the land and water are returned to their prior use. Throughout this process, groundwater quality is monitored using a network of monitor wells and environmental monitoring stations.
The environmental advantages offered by ISR to produce uranium from construction, through production, and for reclamation ultimately allow for a minimal residual footprint after mining without the need for moving massive quantities of waste rock for backfill or a permanent impoundment containing tailings that must be monitored in perpetuity. We operate solely in the United States, where the most advanced environmental and safety regulations are in effect compared to the rest of the globe. Where we operate in the State of Texas, we work closely with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality for measuring performance for protecting the environment, the public, and our workers.
enCore Energy is committed to environmental performance.
enCore supports and is focused on clean air energy, nuclear energy, which:
At enCore, we begin by creating a strong, united workforce with a commitment to safety as a way of life. Safety is our first value and leading measure of excellence, and our governing Safety Principles apply to our employees, contractors, visitors, and vendors at our sites, and to any location where an employee is engaged in work activities. We approach safety with both vigilance and humility, understanding that incident-free workplaces can be achieved only by accountability and continuous improvement at all levels of our organization.
We seek a workforce that is comprised of diverse backgrounds, thoughts, and experiences. Our company strives to attract and retain the best people, develop their potential, and align their skills to important initiatives and activities. We believe in fostering an inclusive work environment built on mutual trust, respect, and engagement. And we invest in our employees through health and wellness programs, competitive benefits, and development opportunities. Empowered employees can empower others.
Our people are at the core of enCore’s ability to deliver business results and benefit our communities. We recognize that we must leverage the power of inclusion and diversity to continue to attract and retain the best people. At our operations in South Texas, all our management and workforce is from the local communities and predominantly Hispanic. We have women in key management positions within the company.
At enCore, we provide an essential product that enables economic prosperity and a better quality of life for individuals and communities worldwide. We also are providing employment opportunities, payroll taxes, royalties, and charitable contributions for the local communities where our employees live and work. Together, that economic activity generates throughout the value chain indirect economic benefits into the communities where we operate that is supports direct contributions that create jobs and strengthen communities, including wages, taxes, capital investments and vendor contracts.
enCore has respect for the indigenous people where we operate and maintains strong relationships and communication with those communities throughout the life of mine process. We believe in consultation as required under legislation in a dual path with community engagement. We are strong advocates for engaging with the community, governments, and indigenous communities in proactive and innovative manners – early and often. We believe in operating with legal agreements in place with Indigenous governments, where appropriate, to ensure we provide socioeconomic benefits during exploration, development, and mining. We view these legal agreements as simply a starting point and work to exceed the minimum standards outlined in the Agreements. Socioeconomic and benefits agreements provides a solid foundation for mutually beneficially working relationships with the community and provides for business, employment, and training opportunities. Our proximity to communities provides us an alternative to a complete fly in/fly out camp environment which contributes to the overall health of the community. We respect and incorporate language, spirituality, and ceremony at the request of the Indigenous community.
We support innovative economic and community engagement programs and strategies to ensure we bring the community values into our projects. At all times we seek to create spin off benefits from our operations as a means of ensuring greater economic and social benefits from our activities.
enCore has corporate, health, safety, and environmental policies in place to ensure a safe workplace that is respectful of our employees. Our health and safety policies are reviewed with regulators to ensure compliance and to protect our employees, communities, and shareholders. Our environmental policies address important issues including groundwater protection, waste minimization, and zero discharges. enCore will also assure that it maintains financial responsibility for groundwater restoration, decommissioning, reclamation, and release for unrestricted use as our activities grow and advance.
We seek a diverse and inclusive work force when in development and production through employment of women and members of indigenous communities. Our pay scales are competitive and meant to be equitable and fair for all employees.
Executive compensation is managed by an independent compensation committee with pay structures designed to reflect industry standards. Management represents is a large percentage of ownership and are motivated to make strategic business decisions designed to create benefit for all our shareholders.
Corporate governance policies range from a Code of Conduct and social media guidelines to the prevention of insider trading and sharing of confidential information. We have policies in place to ensure we do not expose the Company to bribery, extortion and money laundering.
At all times we strive to conduct ourselves in a respectful, professional, accountable manner.